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Panicum miliaceum
OTHER-MILLET-WHITE PROSO (33G)is one of the oldest of the cultivated Millets known for its adaptability and nutritional value. A versatile, resilient cereal crop, these small grain seeds are mainly used for fodder, bird seed, cereal to make bread, baby food, porridge, or fermented into a beverage and of course as a green manure crop. Other know millets are Foxtail, Finger, Pearl, and Little Millet, French White Millet, Common Millet, Hog Millet.  Millets are warm season plants so grow best in summer.

White Proso Millet is rich in protein, fiber, and essential minerals, making it a nutritious addition to both human and animal diets. Its resilience to drought and ability to grow in poor soil conditions make it an excellent choice for sustainable agriculture, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions. Additionally, its relatively short growing season allows for multiple harvests within a year or as a rotation crop, enhancing soil health and productivity.

Sow by broadcasting over the garden bed and covering lightly with soil or plant in furrows 3 – 4 cm deep. Will grow in dry conditions but will still need watering once a week and semi- fertile well drained soil. Can self-seed so collect seeds before they fall. Grows well with legumes up to 1.5 meters tall. Soil Temp 21°C. Matures 60-100 days.  Super easy to save seeds for next years grop.

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How to grow White Proso Millet

  1. White proso millet prefers a location that receives full sun and has well-draining soil. It can tolerate a wide range of soil types, including sandy and clay soils, but it prefers soil that is slightly acidic, with a pH between 5.5 and 7.0.
  2. Before planting, prepare the soil by removing any debris or weeds, and till the soil to a depth of 6-8 inches. White proso millet is not a heavy feeder, but it will benefit from the addition of a balanced fertiliser, such as a 10-10-10 or a 5-10-10.
  3. White proso millet seeds can be sown directly in the garden after the last frost date in your area, or started indoors 4-6 weeks before the last frost date. The seeds can be sown at a rate of about 1.8 to 2.26kgs (4-5 pounds) per acre, or about 0.02 to 0.05kgs (1-2 ounces) per 9.2sq meters (100 square feet).  Sow the seeds 0.6cm (1/4 inch) deep and about 2.25sm (1 inch) apart or cast loosley over the soil and cover lightly with fines.
  4. Keep the soil consistently moist until the seedlings are established. Then, water as needed to keep the soil from drying out. Fertilise with a balanced fertiliser, such as a 10-10-10, when the plants are about 15cm (6 inches) tall, and again when the plants are about 30cm (12 inches) tall.
  5. White proso millet can be sensitive to competition from weeds, so it is important to keep the area around the plants free of weeds. You can use mulch or hand pull the weeds.  I found when growing with other green manuer plants there was very litte weeding needed.

White Proso Millet pairs well with legumes like beans and peas, which improve soil nitrogen content, and with sunflowers and sorghum, which offer pest management benefits. It is important to avoid planting it with crops like wheat, rye, and corn, which can compete for similar nutrients and space. Regular monitoring for pests like grasshoppers, aphids, and cutworms, as well as diseases such as leaf blight and smut, is essential to ensure healthy growth and yield.

Heritage of White Proso Millet

White Proso Millet has a storied heritage, believed to have been first domesticated in East Asia over 4000 years ago. It spread across continents, becoming a key grain in various cultures due to its nutritional benefits and robust growth characteristics. Today, it continues to be a valuable crop both for its agricultural advantages and its contribution to diverse diets around the world.

White Proso Millet’s combination of resilience, nutritional value, and versatility makes it an important crop in sustainable agriculture and a nutritious option in modern diets.

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Category Colour Guide
Planting Guide for Australia

Scoville Heat Units (SHU)

Plant Height (cm)

100-120 cm (3-4 feet)

Season of Interest


Temperature Range (°C)

20-30°C (68-86°F)

Determine / Indeterminate

Annual / Perennial / Biennial


Frost Hardy / Tender


Full Sun / Part Sun / Shade

Full Sun

Sow Direct / Raise Seedlings

Sow Direct


Well-drained, fertile soil



Soil Temperature (°C)

20-25°C (68-77°F)

Seed Preparation

No special preparation required; ensure seeds are dry and clean

Sowing Depth (mm)

1-2 cm (0.4-0.8 inches)

Plant Spacing (cm)

10-15 cm (4-6 inches)

Row spacing (cm)

20-30 cm (8-12 inches)


Moderate; keep soil consistently moist but not waterlogged

Germination Time (Days)

7-14 days

Harvest Time (Days)

60-90 days

Good Companion Plants

Legumes. Sunflowers, Sorghum, Clover, Amaranth

Bad Companion Plants

Wheat, Rye, Corn, Potatoes, Tomatoes


Grasshoppers, Aphids, Armyworms, Birds, Cutworms


Leaf Blight (Bipolaris maydis), Smut (Ustilago crameri), Rust (Puccinia spp.), Downy Mildew (Sclerospora graminicola). Ergot (Claviceps spp)

More About Us

ABSeeds is an Australian owned business trading under the umbrella of Direct Compost Solutions which is owned and managed by Victoria Brun.

We as a company endeavor to provide to the public, Organic, Old Fashioned, Heritage, and Open-pollinated seeds that have not been genetically modified.

We purchased the business in November 2018 and renamed it to ABSeeds (All ‘Bout Seeds) to make the title shorter and represent what we hope to achieve with this business in the years ahead.

Seeds that we can’t grow ourselves we will acquire from people who grow for us, or we may purchase seeds from reputable heritage seed companies.

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