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Chilli Chart and Info

Chilli Scoville Chart & chilli growing tips

Heat Scoville Scale Chilli Varieties
0 – 100 Sweet Banana, Sweet Bell Peppers, Pimento
100 – 1000 New Mexico, Anaheim, Pepperoncini,Paprika, Sonora, Mexican Bell Cherry
1000 – 1500 Pasilla Bajio, Anaheim, Ancho, Espanola,
1500 – 2500 NuMex Big Jim, Pasilla, Sandia, Cascabel 
2500 – 5000 Jalapeno, Chipotle, Poblano, Mirasol,
5000 – 15000 Hungarian Yellow Hot Wax, Serrano
15000 – 30000 Serrano Tampiqueno, Chile De Arbol, Manzano, 
30000 – 50000 Cayenne, Tabasco, Piquin, Aji
50000 – 100000 Birds Eye, Santaka, Chiltecpin
100000 – 350000 Habanero, Scotch Bonnet, Small Thai, Scorpion, Indian Tezpur
350000 – 855000 Red Savina Habanero, Chocolate Habanero, Indian Tezpur
867000 – 970000 Dorset Naga
1000000 – 2000000 Carolina Reaper, Pepper Spray, Infinity, New Mexico Scorpion, Naga Viper, Trinidad Scorpion
2,500,000 – 5,300,000 US Grade Pepper Spray
6,000,000 – 8,600,000 Homodihydrocapsaicin
8,800,000 – 9,100,000 Nordihydrocapsaicin
2,000,000 – 10,000,000 Pepper Extracts, Blair’s Reserve’s, The Source, Dave’s Private Reserve
15,000,000 – 16,000,000 Pure Capsaicin, Blair’s 16 million

Increasing your chilli numbers

If you want to increase the number of chillies or capsicums your plant produces, you need to increase the number of sidestems. You can do this by tipping your plant onto its side once it is a substantial size. The plant will try to grow upright by throwing out a number of sidestems. Once it has done this, turn the pot around so that the new sidestems are facing down and it will throw out another series of sidestems, reaching for the light. Give the pot a quarter turn and once another set of sidestems have been started, turn another half turn. You can then return your plant to an upright position and wait for a bumper harvest. Chilli & Capsicum plants are perennials and are generally more productive in their second year than their first year.

Seed sprouting tip

Take 2 sheets of paper towel and fold in half and brush with hot water using a pastry brush (wet but not drenched)
Put two seeds on the wet towel and fold in half so the seeds are encased in the paper towel
Place in a zip lock bag, don’t close, and store on a sunny window sill for two to three days
Seeds should sprout in a couple of days. If sprouting takes more than a week then try again
I got this tip from bewickedhandy on instagram – so it is not my idea but worth a try

Companion plants for chillis

  • Onions  are said to deter common insect pests like aphids, cabbage worms & slugs
  • Tomatoes provide protection from the sun but need rotating in different beds each season
  • Carrots help to shade out weeds
  • Okra provides partial shade for the peppers and wind protection
  • Leeks are said to repel carrot flies and other insects
  • Radishes fill in spaces around the chillies and are quick to grow
  • Beans fix nitrogen, crowd out weeds and provide sun and wind protection
  • Squash helps protect the soil and keep weeds down
  • Beets fill in empty space, shade out weeds and keep soil moist
  • Chard  interplanted with peppers gives shade, protection from wind, and crowds out weeds.
  • Parsnip helps to crowd out weeds and keep soil covered and moist
  • Chives are said to deter aphids and other insects, and improve flavour and come back yearly
  • Basil is said to boost the flavour of peppers. Repelling insects requires large quantities
  • Lovage provides protection from sun and wind and is said to improve the flavour
  • Geraniums are said to help repel cabbage worms, Japanese beetles, and other pests
  • Marigolds are said to stimulate growth & repel beetles, nematodes, aphids, potato bugs & squash bugs
  • Petunias are said to repel asparagus beetles, leafhoppers, tomato worms, and aphids
  • Nasturtiums are great ground cover, improve flavour and growth while deterring many garden pests

Growing peppers in pot plants

  1. You need good organic potting mix not just regular garden soil
  2. At least 5 to 6 hours of sun a day
  3. Lots of water – daily if temps are around 18C. Or twice a day if temps over 27C
  4. Fertilise with slow release fertilise once a month or worm tea
  5. Add a pinch of propagation powder to the hole when planting or coat seed with powder
    You can add propagation powder when planting in the garden as well to aid sprouting of your seed
    Chilli plants are self pollinators but produce more fruit with the aid of pollinators
  6. Hand fertilise by gently shaking the plant to distribute the pollen. Hand pollinating is only necessary if you are having trouble getting fruit
  7. Use a paint brush swirled inside the open blooms to help pollinate
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